Assignment 2 Social Control And Criminals Deviance Bullying

Posted By Admin @ Mar 02, 2022

Tittle: Thesis on Universal Design of ICT in Earthquake Emergency Management in Pakistan




Terje Gjøsæter


Institutt for informasjonsteknologi


Ahmad Ijaz


Faculty: Faculty for Technology, art and design

Field of study: Technological studies

Course: Master's Thesis - Phase 2

Oslo Met University

Department of Computer Science


Table of Contents

Introduction 3

Problem Statement 6

How Universal Design of ICT reduce the impact of emergencies 7

How Universal Design of ICT can reduce the impact of the earthquake 10

How Universal Design of ICT can support disabled people in emergencies 14

Requirements for such a universally designed information system? 16

Content 16

Check for Hazard in the Home 17

Identification of Outdoors, Safe Places and Indoors 18

Educate yourself and your siblings 18

Have Disaster Supplies on Hand 19

Develop an Emergency Communication Plan 19

Help Your Community Get Ready 19

Requirement for the development of website 20

Equitable Use: 21

Flexibility in use 21

Simple and Intuitive Use 21

Perceptible Information 21

Tolerance for Error 22

Low Physical Effort 22

Size and Space for Approach and Use 22

Non-text Content 22

Suitable Universally designed system for Pakistan 23

Introduction of Universal Design of ICT in Earthquake Emergency Management in Pakistan

Many people died in emergencies due to not having proper information on safety and precautions, especially the disabled and elderly people that do not have a source of information due to lack of accessibility. (Onuma, Shin, & Managi, 2017). The knowledge of specific safety precautions is mandatory in specific emergencies. For example, in a situational disability, in which people also be considered as disabled for a specific situation, for example, during an earthquake, people cannot read safety precautions easily due to the shaking of the earth. Similarly, with a diverse population that is, including disabled and elderly people and also people from different countries who speak different languages, it’s hard for them to read safety precautions. Hence, there is a need for a universally designed system to deal with such difficulties. In Pakistan, there is a lack of information about safety precautions due to which mostly Pakistani did not know what to do in emergency situations. That results in the loss of lives that could be saved. That’s why the knowledge of emergency management precautions and safety is very important

Universal design has become very vital to advance teaching skills or to provide any knowledge or safety precautions (Perez & Gonzalez, 2017). Participants from a research study are significantly in favor of Universal design for instructions (Hartsoe & Barclay, 2017). As, the purpose of this research study is to make a universally designed system to save lives by providing necessary safety advice for all kinds of people regardless of their age, gender, location, and disability. These safety precautions will be used in emergency management, specifically earthquake emergency management. The targeted audience of this research study is Pakistani people, including the people having different impairments disabilities and elderly people. So, by this research, a universally designed system for earthquake emergency management will be designed to save lives for all sorts of people. This system should not only provide safety guidelines but also give advice for all sorts of people, including the impaired, elderly, and situational impaired people.