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Posted By Admin @ Mar 01, 2022

Tittle: Report on Prevalence of Male Infertility

Type: Report

Subject: Arts and educations

Harvard

Brief Introduction about Prevalence of Male Infertility

 There are various problems faced by men and women after their marriage, and one of such common problem is male infertility. It is important to define male infertility so that it could be established whether a male is fertile or infertile. As per the concept, it is said that if a male has failed to come up with conception even after intercourse of 12 months, which is also unprotected sex, then it can be said that a male is infertile (Rowe, et al., 1993). The stats have shown that 1 out of every 6 males is dealing with the problem of infertility, which shows its prevalence in the society, however, the valid data in this regard is still lacking, and it needs a lot of research to get more verified data on male infertility. In 1866, the first study was published to deal with the issue of infertility. Since then, the research and data are not yet extensive to be analyzed, which means more research is needed (Irvine, 1998). It has been observed that data has been limited because the diagnosis of male infertility is difficult, which means that more viable diagnostic processes are needed to identify the issue of male infertility worldwide (Barratt, et al., 2017)

 The research data has estimated that around 15% of couples are dealing with the issue of infertility on a global scale. The contribution of male infertility in this regard is just 20 to 30%. But these numbers are not 100% correct as data is not global in nature, and it needs more valid research so that no questions are raised on its authenticity. According to a research study, around 30 million males are having the issue of infertility all around the world, and this issue was more prevalent in regions such as Eastern Europe and Africa (Agarwal, et al., 2015). It has been observed that there are various reasons behind male infertility. Males can have the issue of sperm formation and this kind of deficiency is common in males. Overall, facts and figures are evident to show that male infertility is a fact and it is prevalent all around the world, so it is vital for the stakeholders around the globe to take it seriously so that adequate measures are taken to deal with this problem (Meier, 2018)

Methods of Prevalence of Male Infertility

 It is important to mention here how this systematic review is going to be conducted. The topic of male infertility is not a common topic like many others, so it was hard to find relevant data for this topic. The help was taken from Google and Google Scholars to find relevant data as well as peer-reviewed articles so that more authentic & valid information is found and discussed. Empirical research data was searched from a variety of sources, and online resources along with books were also searched. To screen the relevant results, I used different keywords such as male infertility, male fertility, semen, conception, reproduction, and genetics etc.

Pre-testicular Causes of Prevalence of Male Infertility

 There are different causes behind male infertility, and one of them is Pre-testicular. The pre-testicular causes have been found common in various males, and it has been identified as a disorder named extra-gonadal endocrine (Wong, et al., 1978). It is important how the Pre-testicular issue works. It is not a common etiology with regard to male infertility. Due to insufficient LH secretion and GnRH, an issue is caused which is called hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (HH). Due to such kinds of insufficiencies, two issues are caused; spermatogenesis, and deficient androgen secretion. It has been observed that hormonal abnormalities, hypothalamic tumors, genetic disorders, hemochromatosis, pituitary, and congenital GnRH deficiency play their part in developing HH. HH has been caused by various other issues as well such as