Graff And Birkenstein They Say I Say Pdf
Posted By Admin @ Mar 01, 2022
Posted By Admin @ Mar 01, 2022
Tittle: Report on Transforming Ideas to Innovations in Kuwait
Abstract of Transforming Ideas to Innovations
This report discusses the case study that Kuwait has experienced a rise in temperature example, 1.50C to 20C and this is resulting in global warming and due to the petroleum refining network. There is also a significant change in rainfall patterns due to the effect of global warming impacts. Therefore, the petroleum refining network in Kuwait is analyzed that how global warming is taking place due to the production of carbon dioxide. Moreover, it is focused on analyzing the causes of global warming participation in Kuwait, that there is a need to focus on the carbon mitigation plans by policymakers so that there could be affected.
This report also discusses the criteria and constraints that can be involved while implementing carbon mitigation plans. The brainstorming is done for a possible solution. Moreover, there is a discussion regarding the advantages and disadvantages of each proposed solution and then there is the selection of the best three solutions. In the end, the conclusion is also given that initiative or strategy will be selected after analyzing the solution in the next report.
2. Design Overview 5
2.1. Definition of the Problem 5
2.1.1. Criteria 5
2.1.2. Constraints 5
2.2. Background Research 5
2.3. Brainstorming about the possible Solution 5
2.3.1. Advantages and Inconvenient of each solution 5
2.4. Selection of the Best Three Solutions 5
3. Decision Making Matrix 6
3.1. Pairwise Comparison 6
3.2. Complete DMM table 6
3.3. Explain the best solution 6
4. Flowchart 7
5. Conclusion 7
1. Introduction of Transforming Ideas to Innovations
Kuwait is famous in requisites of oil-dependent countries; the country has a complex structure in the terms of petroleum refining network however, Kuwait has the three petroleum refineries and it is the host of 1000 Mbpd of crude oil. Moreover, the decision regarding the petroleum refining network is taken at the state level to clean fuel project in this way, there could be construction and decision to get oil from the new refining complex that is also 615 Mbpd. The country to clean fuels focus on the processing capacity sulfur and therefore, it results in the emission of the carbon dioxide (CO2). Thus, the existing refineries of Kuwait are the main sources of CO2; these can be the emissions from furnaces and heaters .
Other sources of carbon dioxide can be the emissions from the (NRP) new refinery projects, the impact of the energy supply units (fired heaters). Fired heaters are considered the main source of the carbon dioxide emissions sources as evaluated (62e75%). Form the final assessment it is known that total carbon dioxide in Kuwait is ranging from 12 to 25% because of the low sulfur clean fuel. The increase in the production of hydrogen results in an increase of the H2 carbon dioxide (CO2). Consequently, as analyzed in the case study given that Kuwait has experienced a rise in temperature example, 1.50C to 20C and this is resulting in global warming and due to the petroleum refining network. There is also a significant change in rainfall patterns due to the effect of global warming impacts. Moreover, it is focused after analyzing the causes of the global warming participation in Kuwait, that there is the need to focus on the carbon mitigation plans by policymakers so that there could be effectiveness (Al-Salem, 2015).